Bhattarai, S; Pant, B; Laudari, HK; Rai, RK; Mukul, SA (2021). 'Strategic Pathways to Scale up Forest and Landscape Restoration: Insights from Nepal’s Tarai.' In Sustainability 13: 5237.
Dhaubanjar, S; Lutz, AF; Gernaat, DEHJ; Nepal, S; Smolenaars, W; Pradhananga, S; Biemans, H; Ludwig, F; Shrestha, AB; Immerzeel, WW (2021). 'A systematic framework for the assessment of sustainable hydropower potential in a river basin – the Case of the Upper Indus.' In Science of The Total Environment 786: 147142
We develop a systematic framework for the basin-scale assessment of the sustainable hydropower potential by integrating considerations of the water-energy-food nexus, disaster risk, climate change, environmental protection, and socioeconomic preferences. Considering the case of the upper Indus, the framework addresses theoretical potential and constrains this further by stepwise inclusion of technical, economical, and sustainability criteria to obtain the sustainable exploitable hydropower potential. We conclude that sustainable hydropower potential in complex basins such as the Indus goes far beyond the hydrological boundary conditions. Our framework enables the careful inclusion of factors beyond the status-quo technological and economic criterions to guide policymakers in hydropower development decisions in the Indus and beyond.
Steiner, JF; Gurung, TR; Joshi, SP; Koch, I; Saloranta, T; Shea, J; Shrestha, AB; Stigter, E; Immerzeel, WW (2021). 'Multi-year observations of the high mountain water cycle in the Langtang Catchment, Central Himalaya.' In Hydrological Processes 35: e14189
Numerous research projects have been conducted in the Langtang catchment in the Gandaki basin, Central Himalaya, over the last four decades, with a strong focus on the cryospheric components of the catchment water balance. Since 2012, multiple weather stations and discharge stations have been providing measurements of atmospheric and hydrologic variables. Full weather stations are used to monitor at an hourly resolution all four radiation components (incoming and outgoing shortwave and longwave radiation; SWin/out and LWin/out), air temperature, humidity, wind speed and direction, and precipitation, and covering an elevational range of 3,862–5,330 masl. Air temperature and precipitation are monitored along elevation gradients to study the spatial variability of the high mountain meteorology. Dedicated point-scale observations of snow cover, depth, and water equivalent as well as ice loss have been carried out over multiple years and complement the observations of the water cycle. All data presented are openly available in a database and will be updated annually.
Wangdi, J; Dorji, T; Wangchuk, K (2021). 'Setting the mountain Ablaze? The Royal Highland Festival in Bhutan from the Semi-Nomads’ Perspective.' In Pastoralism 11: 6
Agrawal, NK; Udas, E; Leikanger, I; Bhatta, LD; Sharma, E; Joshi, KD (2020) 'Resilience building solutions for mountain smallholders: Catalyzing transformations with an integrated modular approach in the Hindu Kush Himalaya.' In W. Leal Filho, J. Luetz and D. Ayal (eds), Handbook of Climate Change Management: Research, Leadership, Transformation, 1-19. Cham, Springer International Publishing.
We assessed the Resilient Mountain Village approach piloted in eight villages of mid-hills in Nepal. We analysed the results against six attributes: scalability, credibility, observability, relevance, relative advantage, easy transferability, and compatibility. We assessed the impacts of various context-specific, simple, and affordable solutions. We observed a very high degree of adoption by communities and out-scaling/upscaling by governments and other projects beyond the pilot area. Based on the experiences, we developed a Resilient Mountain Solutions framework focusing on three dimensions of resilience: climate, socioeconomic, and future resilience. This framework offers an integrated modular approach for smallholder farmers by providing a package of localized solutions and building resilience of the socio-ecological systems through integration into the government’s adaptation programme.